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 "Da Angelo"

Umbria, a region that has no peninsular outlets with the sea, is a predominantly hilly and mountainous area. The Umbria-Marche Apennines major peaks do not exceed the 1500 meters. The eastern edge, which runs along the border of Marche, is crisscrossed by a series of mountain ridges, the easternmost includes Monte Cucco (m. 1566 s.l.m.) to the south Monte Penna (1432 m asl) to the southern boundary where there is Valnerina. To the south-east there are Monti Sibillini characterized by mountainous landscapes and valleys used for pastures and crops. An inner ridge that includes the group of Monti di Gubbio and, further south of Gualdo Tadino and Nocera Umbra. Further east you go down into the valley of the river goes back to 1290 for Topino m. s.l.m. of Mount Subasio overlooking Assisi.

To the north,is visible Perugia as well as the massive mountains "Perugini" including (Monte Tezio 910 m. s.l.m., Monte Acuto 926 m. asl). Delimited instead of the two great valleys of Umbria, is the chain of Monti Martani with Monte Martano (d. 1094 s.l.m.) and Monte Torre Maggiore (d. 1121 s.l.m.) dominating the Terni basin. The plains are therefore very limited and are generally determined by the valleys of the rivers: the Val Tiberina region that extends from north to south in the west and Valle Umbra in the east. The main plains are found fairly extensive: a CastelluccioThe KARSTplain is a closed valley, affected by a phenomenon of karst hydrology at about 1400 m. s.l.m. between MONTE VETTORE and Mt VENTOSOL, and the plain Colfiorito (752 m asl) and is approximately 388 acres of marsh that includes a system of seven tectonic-karst basins, residue of ancient lake basins dryed over time. The marsh forms an ecosystem are of exceptional importance for the rare species of flora and vegetation as well as fauna. Not less is the archaeological and paleontological importance of the plateaus that formed a system of forts to defend an important network of routes, such as the Castle of Monte Orve around the sixth century BC

Also particularly interesting is the swamp of Alviano Oasis which extends over an area of 800 hectares and since 1978 was included in the Tiber River Park that includes the entire reservoir of Lake Alviano, Formed in 1964 with the damming of the Tiber. Since 1990, the WWF, runs a wildlife reserve, in a habitat rich in terms of riparian vegetation that mire. They are easily recognizable basins and ponds surrounded by mountains. The area is watered by numerous rivers including the main one Tiber that converges almost all other systems such as Basin Black The Chiascio The Riparia and The Straw. Other rivers that flow in the Umbrian territory are: Nestor and the Velino. The region is rich in lakes including: lagoTrasimeno (the fourth largest lake in Italy) Lake Piediluco in Terni, the reservoir Corbara nell'orvietano, and finally the artificial lake of Alviano in Terni.
The index of wooded region of Umbria is 30.50% (approximately) which is against the national value of 21.10%, for this reason has been called "The green heart of Italy". Most luxuriant and spectacular forests are found in the area of Subasio (the Hermitage of the PrisonsIn Assisi) in Sassovivo (Foligno) in Monteluco (near Spoleto) and Lake Corbara. The most common species of trees found in the woods and Mackies are: holm oak, Aleppo pine, cypress, turkey roach, chestnut, beech, fir, and the olive tree in the foothills area. In this evocative "green frame" we can see few survived species of the wolf, wild cats, porcupines, badgers, wild boars, weasels, martens, and fox squirrels.
While in the reservoir of Corbara, Alviano, and Lake Trasimeno is easy to identify many species of migratory birds. Umbria, from a climatic point of view has Mediterranean features, with warm dry summers and mild winters, rarely reaches very low tempeture values; therefore the vegetation is of Mediterranean type, with the presence of species such as olives. This climate is determined by the Apennines, which constitutes a barrier to penetration from the influences of the Adriatic Sea but also from the masses of cold air from the north-east. The same phenomenon also occurs towards the Tyrrhenian sea. In mountainous areas and basins there is instead a Continental tendency. The topography of the region is also characterized by continuous variations in height and results in a heterogeneous variety of microclimates on the Lake Trasimeno, the climate is mild year round, while in the Apennines the summers are cool and snowy winters.

Oasis de Colfiorito

Mont Subasio

The river Nera

Alviano

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